Seeding Rate

4020 MF Alfalfa (Multifoliate)

Combination of high forage yields and quality. Highly resistant to 6 major diseases that attack alfalfa and is resistant to Aphanomyces Root Rot (Race 2). Very leafy and excellent winter survival with an aggressive regrowth habit.

Click here to view the tech sheet.

16-18 lbs. per acre

Shockwave BR Alfalfa (Branch Rooted) 

Has a lateral branch root that grows well in lowland conditions and variable soils. Shockwave BR has a high resistance to heaving. Available for use in fields with more variability or heavier clay. The roots can branch out if they encounter wetter conditions that would affect the long term survivability of most tap root varieties. This variety will help to maintain alfalfa longer in the field but will not grow where water pools for long periods of time or is just not suitable for alfalfa in general.

Click here to view the tech sheet.

Voir fiche technique en francais

16-18 lbs. per acre

Alfalfa Branch Rooted

Survivor Alfalfa (Sunken Crown)

Sunken Crown to protect from close grazing and wheel traffic. Used for hay or pasture.

16-18 lbs. per acre
Alfalfa Tap Root Alfalfa Field

Algonquin Alfalfa (Tap Root)

A persistent tap rooted alfalfa. Good winter hardiness and persistence. 

16-18 lbs. per acre

Merit Brand Alfalfa (Branch Rooted/Multifoliate)

An economical and dependable blend of 4 different alfalfas suited for success across a variety of conditions and geographies. Blended by Speare Seeds, Merit Brand Alfalfa provides an excellent combination of multifoliate expression, high forage yield and a branch rooted variety to tolerate variable soils.

16-18 lbs. per acre
Merit Brand Alfalfa Combine Alfalfa Root Alfalfa Combine

Lightning Brand Alfalfa (Multifoliate/Tap Root)

A great choice for multi-cut haylage systems. Early maturity, excellent disease resistance, fast regrowth and winter survival combine for high yielding, consistent production. A multifoliate variety with a tap root. 

16-18 lbs. per acre

Anchor Brand Alfalfa (Branch Rooted)

A branch rooted alfalfa that can perform better than conventional varieties on heavier soils or imperfectly drained sites. Medium maturity, excellent disease resistance and winter survival make for a durable, long lasting stand.

16-18 lbs. per acre

Nitragin® Gold Alfalfa & Swet Clover Inoculant

Nitrogen-fixing bacteria for alfalfa and sweet clover. OMRI listed.



A non-bloating legume used in Western Canada for hay or pasture. Early to start growth in the spring, matures earlier than alfalfa and is slower to regrow. Seedlings are not very competitive and require a year to get established before grazing begins. Best adapted to well drained soils. Difficult to get the proper inoculant for sainfoin. 

Alone: 25-35 lbs. per acre In Mixes: 5-12 lbs. per acre

*Please note: Alfalfa inoculant will be shipped with all orders of straight alfalfa at an additional cost.





Seeding Rate

Champ Timothy (Early Maturity)

Earliest of the timothys. Well adapted to Ontario conditions.

In Mixes: 2-8 lbs. per acre

Promesse Timothy (Early Maturity)

High yielding, early maturing timothy with good tolerance to waterlogged soils. Extremely leafy. Adapted to cool, moist areas.

In Mixes: 2-8 lbs. per acre

Climax Timothy (Late Maturity)

Proven late maturing timothy. Well adapted to varying soils and moisture conditions.

In Mixes: 2-8 lbs. per acre

Sunset II Brand Timothy (Very Late Maturity)

Late maturing, high yielding and improved summer performance.

In Mixes: 2-8 lbs. per acre



Seeding Rate

Wildcat Double Cut Red Clover

Easy to establish, fast regrowth, excellent winter hardiness and superior persistence for forage production. Can be grown in fields too wet or acidic for alfalfa. Longer persistence than common Double Cut Red Clover.

Click here to view the tech sheet.

Alone: 10-12 lbs.
In Mixes: 2-4 lbs. per acre

Double Cut Red Clover

Short-lived perennial legume used primarily for hay, haylage and plowdown. Red Clover is a bloating legume; use with caution in a pasture mix.

Alone: 8-12 lbs.
In Mixes: 2-4 lbs. per acre

Single Cut Red Clover

Short-lived, late maturing, bi-annual legume with high nitrogen fixing potential.

Alone: 8-12 lbs.
In Mixes: 2-4 lbs. per acre

50/50 DC/SC Red Clover Mixture

A short lived, high nitrogen producing crop designed for frost seeding into winter wheat or underseeding into mixed grain. The deep rooted Single Cut mixed with the vigorous top growth produced by the Double Cut makes a perfect plough down crop.

Alone: 8-12 lbs.
In Mixes: 2-4 lbs. per acre

Alsike Clover

Especially well adapted to cool climates and wet soils. Does well on soils that are too acidic for red clover and tolerates more alkalinity than most other clovers. Excellent winter hardiness. Fits shorter-term stands. Flood tolerance 7-14 days. DO NOT feed alsike clover to horses.

Alone: 6-8 lbs.
In Mixes: 1-2 lbs. per acre

Alsike Clover

Frosty Berseem Clover

An annual clover that is best used for haylage or grazing. It has a low risk of bloat and can be cut or grazed multiple times throughout the season. Frosty has a high cold tolerance and can survive down to -15° C. Planting in mid-spring to early summer to get the most growth throughout the year is ideal. Oats make a good companion species for feed. Frosty can also be added to a cover crop mix being planted in early summer. Will tolerate waterlogged soils better than alfalfa. Frosty is coated and pre-inoculated. 

Alone: 15 lbs.
In Mixes: 4-7 lbs. per acre

Crimson Clover

Usually planted in the late summer. Can be used in pasture, hay, organic farming, pollinator enhancement, silage mixes, as a winter cover for soil protection or green manure crop for soil improvement.

Alone: 12-18 lbs.
In Mixes: 2-6 lbs. per acre

Yellow Blossom Sweet Clover / White Blossom Sweet Clover

Mainly used for plowdown with its deep taproot. A bi-annual species. More heat and drought resistant than alfalfa. Excellent source of nectar and pollen for bees.

Alone: 12-16 lbs.
In Mixes: 2-6 lbs. per acre

Alice White Clover 

Combines the persistence of dwarf white clover with the large broad leaf and yield potential of the taller Ladino types. A good addition to pasture mixes.

Click here to view the tech sheet.

In Mixes: 1-2 lbs. per acre

California Ladino Clover

Tall growing, branch rooted, high yielding, winter-hardy variety. Branched root secures the plant in the ground to prevent heaving when freezing and thawing occur. Best used in hay mixes.

In Mixes: 1-2 lbs. per acre

Huia White Clover

Use in hay pasture and ground cover mixes. Shorter growing white clover.

In Mixes: 1-2 lbs.per acre

White Clover

White Clover is a persistent shorter growing clover that is commonly used in long term pasture blends as it will reseed itself and is adapted to intense low grazing. It is also utilized for ground cover, weed suppression and overseeding into thinning pastures to improve forage yields and quality.

In Mixes: 1-2 lbs.per acre

White Clover

Fixation Balansa Clover

A small seeded annual that can be used for forage or as a cover crop. FIXatioN can tolerate a wide range of soil types and growing conditions; it is known to withstand very cold temperatures. Quick to germinate, and then top growth slows as it begins to form a rosette and deep tap root. Works best if allowed to over winter and can produce large amounts of nitrogen. FIXatioN can be used to overseed hay or pasture fields to extend their life. Also works well in wildlife and pollinator mixes. FIXatioN is coated and pre-inoculated. 

Alone: 5-8 lbs.
In Mixes: 2-3 lbs. per acre

Nitragin® Gold Clover Inoculent 

Nitrogen-fixing bacteria for red clover. Not OMRI listed.


Nitragin® Gold Alfalfa & Sweet Clover Inoculent 

Nitrogen-fixing bacteria for alfalfa and sweet clover. OMRI listed.




Seeding Rate

Bruce Birdsfoot Trefoil

Semi-erect variety with vigorous seedling growth and superior winter hardiness.
Alone: 15 lbs. per acre
In Mixes: 5-12 lbs. per acre

Birdsfoot Trefoil

Bloat resistant legume for both pastures and hay production.

Alone: 15 lbs. per acre 
In Mixes: 5-12 lbs. per acre



Seeding Rate

Hakari Bromegrass 

High yielding variety with good seed quality and vigour. Excellent winter hardiness and works well in horse hay mixtures with 3-4 year stand life.

Click here to view the tech sheet.

In Mixes: 3-7 lbs. per acre

Fleet Meadow Bromegrass

Excellent pasture grass having a bunch-type growth habit, reproduces by tillering. More suited to grazing than smooth bromegrass because of its faster regrowth.

In Mixes: 4-7 lbs. per acre

Carlton Smooth Bromegrass

High yielding and one of the most winter hardy bromegrasses that will spread over time with rhizomes. An excellent choice for long term hayfields in southern and northern Ontario.

In Mixes: 3-7 lbs. per acre

Prairie Bromegrass

High yielding with good seed quality and vigour. Works well for 3 year stands in southern Ontario. Seed is clipped for easier planting.

In Mixes: 3-7 lbs. per acre

Smooth Bromegrass

Economical and winter hardy bromegrass for hay that will stay palatable when mature. Long term stand that will spread over time by rhizomes.

In Mixes: 3-7 lbs. per acre



Seeding Rate

HLR Orchardgrass Blend 

An excellent choice to plant with alfalfa. High yielding. Excellent disease resistant, late maturing varieties have been chosen for this blend.

In Mixes: 2-5 lbs. per acre


Aggressive grass for early hay or pasture. Will persist on moderately, drained soils.

In Mixes: 2-6 lbs. per acre



Seeding Rate

Barolex Tall Fescue 

Endophyte free cultivar - soft leafed, very palatable, late maturing and highly digestible - very dense and persistent. Tolerant of moist conditions, best for grazing.

Click here to view the tech sheet.

In Mixes: 2-8 lbs. per acre

STF-43 Tall Fescue Blend 

A blend of late maturing, soft-leaf tall fescues that works great for hay or silage. Highly digestible and works well in mixes with legumes and other grasses.

In Mixes: 2-8 lbs. per acre

Meadow Fescue

Forage Type Tall Fescue

An economical choice for pasture, silage, or hay on variable soils. Works well in a mix with legumes and other grasses. Safe for all species of livestock as the seed is endophyte-free

In Mixes: 2-8 lbs. per acre


Late maturing festulolium variety developed for better persistence. Winter-hardy and highly palatable. Also exhibits excellent rust resistance and performs well in heavier soils. Safe for horses.

In Mixes: 2-8 lbs. per acre

Milkway Fescue Blend 

Meadow fescue and tall fescue mix that is well suited for use in T.M.R. rations. Can be planted alone (25 lbs. / acre) or in a mix with alfalfa.

In Mixes: 2-8 lbs. per acre

HDR Meadow Fescue Blend 

A blend of meadow fescue varieties that performs well on varying soil conditions and is high yielding with excellent digestibility

In Mixes: 2-8 lbs. per acre



Seeding Rate

Sorghum Sudangrass

A thin stemmed variety with quick regrowth. Its thin stems make it highly palatable and it can be ensiled as baleage or silage. When used as a forage, proper management must be exercised following stress, drought or frost as Prussic Acid poisoning can be a potential hazard.

Click here to view the tech sheet.

25-35 lbs. per acre

BMR Sorghum Sudangrass

A new improved variety in which the lignin stem content has been reduced up to 40%. This sweet juicy midrib allows for greater digestibility and palatability. 

Click here to view the tech sheet.

25-35 lbs. per acre

Wild Game Food Sorghum

A wild game food sorghum suited for food plots to attract game birds. The large grain head becomes more palatable going into the fall.

Click here to view the tech sheet.

Drilled: 5 lbs. per acre
Broadcast: 15 lbs. per acre

Teff Grass

This is a warm season annual grass which can be harvested multiple times during the growing season as dry hay, silage or pasture. Fast growing with excellent forage quality. 

5-7 lbs. per acre
8-10 lbs. per acre
Coated Seed



Seeding Rate

BG-24T Perennial Ryegrass Blend 

Persistent and productive, BG-24T is a unique, innovative blend of early and intermediate maturing diploid and tetraploid perennial ryegrass varieties.

Alone: 25 lbs. per acre
In Mixes: 3-8 lbs. per acre

BG-34 Perennial Ryegrass Blend 

Late maturing blend of perennial ryegrasses with good winter hardiness. 

In Mixes: 3-8 lbs. per acre


Remington Perennial Ryegrass 

A late maturing tetraploid variety for silage or pasture. Bred as an endophyte-free forage perennial ryegrass.

Alone: 25-30 lbs. per acre
In Mixes: 3-8 lbs. per acre

Perennial Ryegrass

Enhancer Italian Ryegrass

A true Italian ryegrass that won’t produce seed until the second year. Works well for a forage crop or as a cover crop due to its quick establishment and aggressive growth.

Alone: 20-35 lbs. per acre
In Mixes: 3-8 lbs per acre

Green Spirit

Green Spirit Biennial Ryegrass Blend 

A biennial ryegrass that can provide high quality forage for silage or grazing. When planted in the spring it will not produce seed heads till the second year. Usually winter hardy if planted by mid-September in most of Ontario. Requires careful management for the highest production and to keep from producing seed heads.

Click here to view the tech sheet.

Alone: 30-40 lbs. per acre
In Mixes: 3-8 lbs per acre



Seeding Rate

Reed Canarygrass

Bred for increased palatability and high yields, very quick regrowth - highly palatable and digestible for hay and pasture applications. Does well in poorly drained and drought prone soils.

Click here to view the tech sheet.

In Mixes: 2-8 lbs. per acre

Annual Forages and Cover Crops



Seeding Rate


Annual cover crop and plowdown for green manure. Excellent pollinator attractant.

50 lbs. per acre

Cow Peas

A warm season legume that requires a lot of heat to grow well for a cover crop. Also known as black-eyed peas, cow peas make an excellent addition to a summer mix with sorghum, pearl millet or sunn hemp. Inoculant is currently unavailable.

30-80 lbs. per acre

Faba Beans

Faba beans are gaining popularity in Ontario as an excellent protein source in the livestock industry. This annual legume can grow 1.5 m in height and produce yields that rival soybeans.

180-200 lbs. per acre

Fall Rye

Fall Rye can be utilized as a cover crop for wind erosion, weed suppression and the addition of organic matter. If planted early in August, Fall Rye can also be available for fall forage and a source of feed for the spring.

25-100 lbs. per acre

Hairy Vetch

Mainly used as a cover crop, but can be used as a forage. Winter annual with most growth occurring in the spring. May contain hard seeds that germinate 1-2 years after sowing.

20-40 lbs. per acre


Quick establishment for weed suppression and erosion prevention. Can be utilized in fall for emergency feed.

50-110 lbs. per acre


This annual broadleaf has a very shallow fibrous root system that creates crumbly, aggregate soil particles on the top 2 inches. A favourite of beekeepers as it will produce beautiful flowers from May to September. Phacelia will produce large amounts of biomass with little residue remaining the following spring. 

8-15 lbs. per acre

Sunflower Seed

A quick growing annual with a deep tap root. Benefits pollinators if planted early enough to flower.

Alone: 5-10 lbs. per acre
In Mixes: 1 lbs per acre

Sunn Hemp

Fast growing cover crop that suppresses nematodes and weeds. Outstanding nitrogen and biomass production in a short period. Killed by first frost. Needs to be planted in early July. Best to be planted with an inoculant.

9-15 lbs. per acre



Japanese Millet

Excellent for gamebirds. Can tolerate moist soil conditions.

25 lbs. per acre

Hybrid Pearl Millet

High yielding and has high protein. Relatively fast root development and excellent drought tolerance. Does not produce Prussic Acid.

Drill: 10-15 lbs.
per acre
Broadcast: 15-20 lbs. per acre



Brown Mustard

Used as a green manure.

7-10 lbs. per acre

Oriental Mustard

Useful bio fumigant for the suppression of a number of nematodes.

7-10 lbs. per acre

White / Yellow Mustard

Also known as yellow mustard, white mustard is mainly grown in Ontario for a cover crop. Quick to germinate and can out compete weeds. Helps to control some nematodes, insects, or diseases in vegetable rotations. Does not work well if other brassicas are grown for a cash crop. White Mustard can be planted very early in spring to late summer. Must be worked into the soil for the most biofumigant effect and left to break down for 2- 3 weeks.

5-8 lbs. per acre



Austrian Winter Peas

Austrian Winter Peas are a quick establishing, cool-season annual legume with good nitrogen-fixing capabilities. Commonly used for grazing, hay and as a green manure.

90-100 lbs. per acre

Black Forage Peas

High protein content with excellent digestibility and palatability. Best used in a forage mix. If used as a cover crop, peas possess good nitrogen fixing abilities for soil conditioning.

100 lbs. per acre

Yellow Semi-Leafless Peas

Yellow semi-leafless peas have a more open canopy than forage vining peas used for grain production.

90-100 lbs. per acre

Pea Inoculant

Contains Nitrogen fixing Rhizobia to treat 700kg of Pea Seed.




Image Oilseed Radish

An oilseed radish bred for nematode control and bio-fumigant traits. For best results it needs to be worked into the soil at bloom and allowed to breakdown for 3-5 weeks.

Alone: 8-10 lbs. per acre
In Mixes: 4 lbs per acre

Groundbreaker Radish

A Daikon type forage radish specifically developed for fall/winter cover crop applications. Deep penetrating taproot that reduces soil compaction, builds organic matter and improves nutrient recycling.

2-10 lbs. per acre

Groundbreaker Radish

Tillage Radish (Certified Blue Tag)

A cover crop for green manure. Planted after wheat or grain harvest and is the result of over 10 years research, rigorous testing and careful selection of plant attributes. A unique large taproot that can reach depths of 30 inches.


  • Increased Crop Yields
  • Compaction Alleviation
  • Enhanced Seed Bed
  • Increased Soil Organic Matter

Click here to view the tech sheet.

2-10 lbs. per acre

*Radishes are heavy nitrogen users. They require manure or additional fertilizer for maximum growth.




Spring Triticale

A cool-season cereal crop originating from a cross of Durum wheat and rye. Taller and leafier than wheat or oats, it tolerates hot, dry weather better than wheat, is higher in protein and has more feed value when chopped for forage.

75-100 lbs. per acre

Winter Triticale

High-yielding, early maturing cross between winter rye and winter wheat. Winter triticale does double duty as a cover crop planted in the fall while producing high-quality forage in late spring.

75-100 lbs. per acre



Barkant Turnip 

A tankard type bulb where 50% of the bulb is above the ground. Matures in 8-10 weeks. Has a high bulb yield with increased palatability, and better regrowth than purple top turnip if not grazed too short.

4-5 lbs. per acre


A stubble turnip that produces a root as well as leafy top growth. Mainly used for grazing but also popular in cover crop mixes. Ready to graze in 8-10 weeks.

4-5 lbs. per acre

Hunter Brassica

A hybrid that works great as emergency feed. Can be pastured 6 weeks after planting under good conditions. Good for rotational grazing

4-5 lbs. per acre

Winfred Brassica

A hybrid between turnip and kale. Has a high leaf to stem ratio. It is early maturing at 9-10 weeks. Very winter hardy.

4-5 lbs. per acre

Fodder Rape

A quick establishing brassica used for forage and cover crops. Has a deep taproot and a lot of lush top growth. Ready for grazing in 10-12 weeks.

7 lbs. per acre


A high quality, high yielding crop that can be used for deer food plots or grazing livestock in a rotational system. The large leafy tops are very nutritious and can be used to extend grazing later into the fall. Ready to graze in 12-14 weeks.

4-10 lbs. per acre

Perennial Forages


Seeding Rate


A leafy perennial forage with good digestibility and high mineral content. Used in rotational grazing systems and wild game food plots.

In Mixes: 2-6 lbs. per acre

Companion Forage Crops


Seeding Rate

Silobuster™ Forage Blend

A mixture of 50% Climbing Forage Peas, 25% Spring Triticale, and 25% Barley. Ideal cover crop for overseeding forage stands. Can be planted early in the spring and will be ready for harvest approximately 60 days after planting, depending on the weather. Harvest when the grain is in the boot stage for best feed quality and highest protein (over 20%). Tonnage can be maximized if harvested when the heads have emerged and the grain is in the soft dough stage, but quality starts to decline quickly as the cereals mature. Silobuster™ can also be used for a cover crop at a reduced seeding rate (40-50 lbs. per acre) if not needed for a forage crop

Click here to view the tech sheet.

80-120 lbs. per acre

Forage Blend

50/50 Pea/Oat Mix

An excellent choice for a nurse crop underseeded into a hay stand. When cut at the boot stage to early heading, it will make excellent quality forage. Also planted after wheat as an economical fall cover crop. 

70-100 lbs. per acre

Click here to view information on the Organic Forage products that Speare Seeds carry.

Investment in certified seed is an investment in your future.  It starts with the seed.  Every bag of certified seed you plant is an investment in you, the Canadian farmer.  That’s because when you choose certified seed, you’re not just getting a proven, quality product – you’re putting money back into research and development of new and advanced seed varieties.  This brings value to your farm, gives you more choices, generates jobs in agriculture and stimulates the Canadian economy. 

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